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Types of Rosacea, Causes and Treatment

Rosacea, causes, symptoms and treatment

What is Rosacea

Types of Rosacea

Symptoms of Rosacea

What Causes Rosacea

How to Get Rid of Rosacea Permanently

Ocular Rosacea Treatments


Affects millions of people across the globe, Rosacea is a chronic and often misunderstood skin condition that manifests in various forms. Triggered by various factors, Rosacea often leaves those who suffer from it searching for answers and effective treatments. This article is an ultimate comprehensive guide to Rosacea, its types, causes, and treatment options. Read more to find out how to get rid of Rosacea permanently and about ocular Rosacea treatments. 

What is Rosacea

Rosacea in simple words is a chronic and common skin condition that affects the face. It is most often characterized by persistent redness, visible blood vessels, and sometimes, acne-like pustules or bumps. Flushing or blushing episodes are frequently the first symptoms, which might progressively escalate to more severe and enduring ones. Rosacea typically affects adults between the ages of 30 and 60, and it frequently affects those with pale complexion.

Types of Rosacea

There are four common types of Rosacea namely:

  • Subtype One or Erythematotelangiectatic Rosacea (ETR)

    • Associated with facial redness, flushing, and visible blood vessels.
  • Subtype Two or Papulopustular Rosacea

    • Associated with acne-like breakouts and often affects women in their middle age.
  • Subtype Three or Rhinophyma 

    • A rare form of Rosacea associated with the thickening of the skin on your nose. This is usually found in men and is accompanied by another subtype of Rosacea. 
  • Subtype Four or Ocular Rosacea

    • Associated with the eye area of the face.

    Symptoms of Rosacea

    As each subtype of Rosacea is different, it also comes with different symptoms for every subtype. Let us see what these symptoms are in each subtype.

    Signs of ETR Rosacea

    • Stinging and burning skin
    • Redness and flushing in the center of your face
    • Sensitive skin
    • Visibly broken blood vessels
    • Swollen skin
    • Dry, rough, and scaly skin

    Signs of Acne Rosacea

    • Oily skin
    • Deep red skin and acne-like breakouts
    • Visible blood vessels that are usually broken
    • Raised patches of skin
    • Sensitive skin

    Signs of Thickening Rosacea

    • Thick skin on the nose
    • Bumpy texture for skin
    • Large pores
    • Visibly broken blood vessels

    Signs of Ocular Rosacea

    • Dry and itchy eyes’
    • Watery eyes
    • Bloodshot eyes
    • Diminished vision
    • Gritty feeling for eye
    • Cysts on the eye
    • Burning or stinging sensation in eyes
    • Broken blood vessels on eyelids

    What Causes Rosacea

    Even though the actual cause of Rosacea is unknown, it is believed to be caused by a combination of several factors like genetic, environmental, and inflammatory. Environmental factors that might aggravate the illness include exposure to sunshine, extremely cold or hot temperatures, wind, and particular foods or drinks (such as alcoholic beverages, hot beverages, and spicy foods). It is also believed that abnormalities in the blood vessels of the face and an excessive immune response have a role in the onset of rosacea.

    How To Get Rid of Rosacea Permanently

    It's crucial to remember that there is now no proven treatment for Rosacea and eradicating it permanently can be difficult. However, there are a number of strategies to properly manage and reduce the symptoms. Let's see what they are:

    • Consult with a dermatologist who specializes in Rosacea for a personalized treatment plan which may include topical medications, oral antibiotics, or laser therapies to reduce redness and visible blood vessels.
    • Make changes in lifestyle to make a significant difference by avoiding known triggers like sun exposure, alcohol, spicy foods, and extreme temperatures to help prevent flare-ups.
    • Adopt a gentle skincare routine with products that are suitable for sensitive skin.

    Although rosacea can be effectively handled, it frequently requires long-term treatment rather than total eradication. Consistent care and attention to triggers are essential to preventing symptoms.

    Ocular Rosacea Treatments

    As ocular Rosacea affects the eyes, it can be particularly uncomfortable and challenging to manage. Treatment for ocular rosacea typically involves a combination of medical interventions and lifestyle adjustments. Let us see a few measures we can adopt to get rid of this uncomfortable condition.

    • Dryness and discomfort in the eyes can be relieved by using artificial tears or lubricating eye drops. 
    • Antibiotics may be administered orally and topically to treat bacterial overgrowth and irritation on the eyelids.
    • Corticosteroids and other anti-inflammatory drugs may be used, but due to possible adverse effects, they should be closely monitored.
    • To prevent oil gland obstruction, keep your eyelashes clean by gently washing them with warm water and gentle cleansers. 
    • Recognize your triggers, such as allergens and environmental irritants, and avoid them. 
    • regular consultations with a dermatologist or ophthalmologist to fine-tune the treatment strategy to the patient's requirements. 


    How Do I Know What Type of Rosacea I Have?

    If symptoms of Rosacea are found visible in the face, it is recommended to immediately consult with a dermatologist to identify and evaluate the subtypes for medication. 

    Is There a Laser Treatment for Ocular Rosacea?

    Yes. There are laser treatments available for Ocular Rosacea. However, it is important to identify your actual symptoms and seek the help of an experienced medical professional for laser treatment. 

    What is the Root Cause of Rosacea?

    Rosacea develops when there is an increase in blood flow to the skin's surface. Although the precise etiology is unknown, a confluence of inherited and environmental variables is to blame.

    Take Away

    Rosacea is a multifaceted skin condition with various subtypes and triggers, making it essential to seek professional guidance for accurate diagnosis and management. While there is no permanent cure, individuals can significantly improve their quality of life by working with a dermatologist to tailor a treatment plan that may include medications, lifestyle adjustments, and proper skincare. By taking a proactive and personalized approach, individuals with rosacea can effectively control their symptoms and enjoy clearer, healthier skin.

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